Edgar Raymond ABBOTT


AGE27 yo
DATE OF BIRTH10 November 1917

Married  Selma GRUBER

Parents : Mannie B & Wava Eunice ABBOTT

RANKFirst Lieutenant
FONCTION Platoon Leader du 81mm Mortar Platoon
COMPANYHeadquarters Company
BATTALION1st Battalion
REGIMENT 508th Parachute Infantry Regiment
DIVISION 82nd Airborne Division
DATE OF DEATH17 June 1944ii
PLACE OF DEATH Saint-Sauveur-de-Pierrepont


CEMTERY TEMPORARY of  Blosville N°3508


Story of Cemetery Temporary 




Map of Normandy American Cemetery


Bronze Star

Purple Heart

World War II Victory Medal 

Combat Infantryman Badge

Badge Paratrooper


Photo FDLM

victory medal

combat infantryman badge

combat infantryman badge


us army div 82 508pir 508pir


A native of Union Star in Missouri, Edgar enrolled in June 1941 and entered the Airborne School. In August, he joined the 503rd Parachute Battalion, A Coy, which was the third of the four battalions set up before the start of the 2nd World War.
Edgar stayed there until June 1942 when he entered the Officer Candidate School for a 17 week training period until November 1942. He came out of it as Sub-Lieutenant and got transferred to the 508th Parachute Infantry Regiment, A Coy. He married Selma Gruber in Duval County (Florida) in December.
In April 1943, he left for Camp Mackall, where he undertook a harsh and intensive physical training, long marches loaded with equipment, exercises for each specialty and tactical missions; he remained there until August 1943. In September and October 1943, they carried out military exercises in Tennessee and went back to Camp Mackall in November until the end of the year. Edgar changed unit in December, he left A Coy for the Mortar Platoon at HQ/1 where he replaced Lieutenant Stoeckert who had hurt himself during an exercise jump. Edgar became their Commanding Officer and got promoted to 1st Lieutenant.
On 20 December, they were transferred to Camp Shanks in New-York in anticipation of their departure towards Europe. On 28 December 1943, the USAT James Parker took the 508th P.I.R. towards history. The regiment arrived in Belfast, Ireland, on 9 January 1944 and was transferred to Port Stewart. On 14 January 1944, the regiment was attached to the 82nd Airborne Division. Up to 10 March, they followed a physical and tactical training, based on running, orienteering and night marches. The men of the 508th P.I.R. welcomed their brothers in arms of the 505th who told them about their experience in Sicily (advice, German fighting techniques…). Edgar and the regiment left Ireland for England and Nottingham where they settled their new camp in the Famous Robin Hood’s Sherwood forest, staying there until 28 May 1944. Marches, tactics, night jumps filled their schedule during this period. For instance, the regiment took part in the “Side-car” exercise on 1st and 2nd April which consisted in jumping at night; the battalion was flown by the 53rd Troop Wing of the 9th Air Force.

Station AAF 484 Folkingham

Station AAF-484 de Folkingham

And the long-awaited D-Day, the day when all the acquired training will take all its value has arrived. The regiment leaves Notthingham for the Folkingham airfield on 28 May 1944. They depart on 5 June, the 508th P.I.R. is flown by the 49th TCS of the 313th TCG of the 9th US Air Force. Edgar is the jumpmaster officer of his stick in the C-47, 42-56999, which is in position N°3 as mentioned in the flight plan of the HQ/1. They will touch the Norman ground close to the Clainville hamlet, South of Picauville. He ends up with two other paras of the 508th P.I.R., from there he will gather a little group of 17 men and they will start going forward towards their objective: Hill 30. At dawn, they were 35 and in the middle of the day, they made contact with the LCL Shanley on Hill 30 but going forward was proving impossible and they decided to get into position at Montessy until the 8th of June.
On 11 June, the regiment rebuilds with the aim of attacking the Saint-Sauveur-le-Vicomte area. The 13 June is a particular day in the history of the 1st Battalion, 12 German tanks are destroyed in 12 hours! In the evening, the 1st Battalion is West of Baupte. On 14 June, the Battalion fights the Germans back before Pont Auny, at night they are at the Francquetot castle. After receiving new orders on 15 June, the Battalion leaves on the 16th to reach the North-West of Saint-Sauveur-le-Vicomte. On 17 June, the 1st Battalion penetrates the South part of town; the men reach Saint-Sauveur-de-Pierrepont; many German opposition spots exist and prevent them from going forward, but the artillery allows the 2 Battalions of the 508th to take advantage. Edgar will not witness the final moments of this advance; he is shot by a sniper on this 17 of June. He will be awarded the Bronze Star Medal for his actions. 

Station AAF 484 Folkingham

Sur le tarmac de Folkingham, préparation des containers pour l’unité d’Edgar


Station AAF 484 Folkingham

Plan de vol des 1er et 2eme bataillons du 508th


Photo FDLMEdgar en 1939
Groupe d'EdgarPhoto FDLM

AVION N°3 C-47 42-56999

Pilote Lt Robinson, Kermit R
Co-pilote 2Lt Chiles, Eugène D Jr
Opérateur Radio SSgt Brody, Albert H
Chef d'équipage Sgt Olson, Clarence L


1. 1/Lt Edgar R. Abbott (81mm Mortar Platoon Leader , Jumpmaster)
2. Pvt Joseph F. Farrison (Mortar)
3. Pfc Warren R. Brown (Runner, Mortar)
4. Cpl Wendel M. Short (Mortar)
5. Pfc Donald N. Matyskella (Mortar)
6. Pvt Woodrow Lee Willis (Mortar?)
7. Pvt Arnold J. Sims (Mortar)
8. Pvt Leland E. Chitwood (Mortar)
9. Pvt Andrew Babjak (Mortar)
10. Pvt James W. Allen
11. Pvt Marion l. Pence
12. Pvt Charles W. Winton
13. Pfc Larney R. Vancourt (Mortar)
14. Pvt Francis N. Bowen (Medic)
15. T/5 Sylvester J. Baysinger (Service Co)
16. SSgt Harold E. Roberts (Service Co)
17. Pvt James E. Fust (Mortar, Asst Jumpmaster)


div 82





25 Mar 1942  Days of Combat/Jour de Combat  422
   Casualties/Victimes  9 073

Entered Combat/Entré au combat

9 Jul 1943 at Sicily  

Commanding Generals/Commandants généraux

Maj. Gen. Omar Bradley (Mar 42 - Jun 42)
Maj. Gen. Matthew B. Ridgway (Jun 42 - Aug 44)
Maj. Gen. James M. Gavin (Aug 44 - Mar 48)


Sicily (9 Jul - 17 Aug 43)
Naples-Foggia (9 Sep 43 - 21 Jan 44)
Rome-Arno (22 Jan 44 - 9 Sep 44)

Normandy (6 Jun 44 - 24 Jul 44)

Rhineland (15 Sep 44 - 21 Mar 45)
Ardennes-Alsace (16 Dec 44 - 25 Jan 45)
Central Europe (22 Mar 45 - 11 May 45)




mediterranean theater campaigns


carte campagne europe


The 82d Airborne Division landed at Casablanca, 10 May 1943, and trained. Elements first saw combat in Sicily, when the 505th RCT and part of the 504th dropped behind enemy lines, 9-10 July 1943, at Gela. The remainder of the 504th RCT dropped, 11-12 July 1943, also near Gela, after running friendly naval and ground force fire. Scattered elements formed and fought as ground troops. The elements were flown back to Tunisia for reequipment and returned to Sicily to take off for drop landings on the Salerno beachhead. The 504th Parachute Infantry dropped, 13 September 1943, and the 505th the following night; the 325th landed by boat. These elements bolstered Salerno defenses and fought their way into Naples, 1 October 1943. After a period of occupation duty (and combat for some elements in the Volturno Valley and Anzio beachhead), the Division moved to Ireland, November 1943, and later to England, February 1944, for additional training. Moving in by glider and parachute, troops of the 82d dropped behind enemy lines in Normandy on D-day, 6 June 1944, before ground troops hit the beaches. Cutting off enemy reinforcements, the Division fought its way from Carentan to St. Sauveur-le-Vicomte, fighting 33 days without relief. Relieved on 8 July, it returned to England for refitting. On 17 September, it was dropped at Nijmegen, 50 miles behind enemy lines, and captured the Nijmegen bridge, 20 September, permitting relief of British paratroops by the British 2d Army. After heavy fighting in Holland, the Division was relieved 11 November and rested in France. It was returned to combat, 18 December 1944, to stem the von Rundstedt offensive, blunting the northern salient of the Bulge. It punched through the Siegfried Line in early February 1945, and crossed the Roer, 17 February. Training with new equipment in March, the Division returned to combat, 4 April, patrolling along the Rhine, securing the Koln area, later moving across the Elbe, 30 April, into the Mecklenburg Plain, where, 2 May 1945, the German 21st Army surrendered.


La 82ème division aéroportée a atterri à Casablanca le 10 mai 1943 et s'est entraînée. Les éléments ont d'abord été combattus en Sicile, lorsque le 505ème RCT et une partie du 504ème ont été largués derrière les lignes ennemies, du 9 au 10 juillet 1943, à Gela. Le reste de la 504ème RCT est tombé, du 11 au 12 juillet 1943, également près de Gela, après des tirs amicaux contre des forces navales et terrestres. Des éléments épars se sont formés et se sont battus en tant que troupes au sol. Les éléments ont été rapatriés en Tunisie pour le rééquipement et sont retournés en Sicile pour décoller pour atterrir sur la tête de pont de Salerne. Le 504th Infantry Parachute Infantry est tombé le 13 septembre 1943 et le 505ème le lendemain soir; la 325ème atterrit en bateau. Ces éléments ont renforcé les défenses de Salerno et se sont introduits à Naples, le 1er octobre 1943. Après une période d'occupation (et de combat pour certains éléments dans la vallée de Volturno et la tête de pont d'Anzio), la division s'est installée en Irlande en novembre 1943 , Février 1944, pour une formation supplémentaire. Se déplaçant en planeur et en parachute, les troupes du 82d tombèrent derrière les lignes ennemies en Normandie le 6 juin 1944, avant que les troupes terrestres ne frappent les plages. En coupant les renforts ennemis, la Division se fraya un chemin de Carentan à Saint-Sauveur-le-Vicomte, combattant 33 jours sans soulagement. Soulagé le 8 juillet, il est retourné en Angleterre pour y être réaménagé. Le 17 septembre, il a été largué à Nimègue, à 50 milles derrière les lignes ennemies, et a capturé le pont de Nimègue, le 20 septembre, permettant ainsi à la 2 e armée britannique de soulager les parachutistes britanniques. Après de violents combats en Hollande, la division est soulagée le 11 novembre et se repose en France. Il fut remis au combat le 18 décembre 1944 pour endiguer l’offensive de von Rundstedt, assourdissant le saillant septentrional des Ardennes. Il a percuté la ligne Siegfried au début de février 1945 et a traversé la Roer le 17 février. S'entraînant avec de nouveaux équipements en mars, la Division est revenue au combat le 4 avril, patrouillant le long du Rhin, sécurisant la région de Koln, traversant ensuite l'Elbe le 30 avril dans la plaine de Mecklenburg où, le 2 mai 1945 s'est rendu.
SOURCE INFORMATION & PHOTOArmydivs.squarespace.com

PROGRAMMERGarrett, Clive, Frédéric & Renaud
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