Jimmie HICKS

Photo FDLM
ARMY SERIAL NUMBER14035257
AGE22 yo
DATE OF BIRTH1922
STATEMuscogee County GEORGIA
FAMILYSingle
RANKCorporal
FONCTIONInfantry
JOB before ENLISTEMENT GA
DATE of ENLISTEMENT29 november 1940 Fort Benning GEORGIA
REGIMENT1323rd Engineer General Service Regiment
DATE OF DEATH6 september 1944hicks jimmie tombe
STATUSKIA
PLACE OF DEATH 
CEMETERYNORMANDY AMERICAN CEMETERY de Colleville

Plan du Normandy American Cemetery

GRAVE
PlotRowGrave
B918
DECORATION
  
Photo FDLM  corps engineers
STORY
Cpl. Jimmie Hicks, from Muscogee, Ga., was an African-American soldier in the 1323rd Engineer General Service Regiment, an all-black unit, during World War II. The 1323rd arrived in England on April 3, 1944 where they formed seven truck companies within their organization.
hicks jimmie 0
In France, trucks move past a regulating point on the Red Ball Express in 1944.
 
After the Normandy landings on D-Day and the breakout in Operation Cobra, Gen. George S. Patton’s 3rd Army raced across France towards the German border.
By August, Patton had stretched his supply line to near-collapse.
Troops were running low on fuel, ammunition and food, so the Army Transportation Corps created a huge trucking operation called the "Red Ball Express" on August 21, named after the red balls that marked the route across Europe.
Seventy five percent of the operation consisted of African-American drivers.
 hicks jimmie 1
Red Ball Express troops stack 'jerry cans' used to transport gas to front-line units.
 
 
Hicks landed in Normandy on July 7.
In August, Hicks and his regiment became part of the “Red Ball Express.” The supply trucks started rolling on August 25 and continued for 82 days. On an average day, 900 fully loaded vehicles were on the Red Ball route round-the-clock with drivers officially ordered to observe 60-yard intervals and a top speed of 25 miles per hour.
It was hard to see at night and the drivers had to go slowly using “cat eyes” – headlight covers that reduced light to a dim beam on the highway. Hicks died at the age of 22 on September 6, 1944 en route, but his regiment continued their mission and entered Germany in 1945.

INFORMATION SOURCEAbmc.nomadmobileguides.com - Aad.archives.gov
PICTURE SOURCEFrédéric LAVERNHE
PROGRAMMERFrédéric & Renaud